Linguaculture, Volume 4, Number 1, 2013

Ana-Maria Ştefan
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Abstract & Keywords

Our study is conceived as a comparative analysis of Zakes Mda’s postcolonial and postmodern novel The Heart of Redness and Joseph Conrad’s canonical and colonial novella Heart of Darkness, from the viewpoint of a literarily encoded anthropology of the body. In both texts, body marks and body pain are prominent and recurrent motives, carrying along important cultural meanings, related to several classic themes of colonial and postcolonial literature: the birth and becoming of cultural identity and awareness, culture shock, cultural contacts, enculturation versus deculturation, and cultural memory, as a vehicle and repository of myths, history and (body) image stereotypes.
Keywords: colonialism, postcolonialism, body pain, body marks, corporeality, “redness” versus “darkness”, identity, memory, cultural contact, cultural stereotypes (self- and hetero-images)

Cornelia Vlaicu
University of Bucharest, Romania

Abstract & Keywords

Almanac of the Dead is concerned with Native American identity politic s as an act of “survivance” (Vizenor). Based on a fourth (and fictional) ancient Indian prophecy, the novel opens with a “five hundred year map” showing how space shapes and is shaped by subjects. The novel, like the map prefacing it, is a critique of Euro-American colonialist/capitalist view of space (as disconnected from people) and time (as linear, with a mandate to achieve progress). Maps are “ideological statements” (Anderson) in that they are representations of reality. Colonial maps and politics represent Indian land as terra incognita, to be discovered and brought into existence, with the “natural” sequence of the attempted cultural, as well as physical, erasure of Indians. The post- encounter experience of the first nations in the Americas is a traumatic one. Rather than an occurrence outside the norm, for the American Indian the norm itself is a “site of multiple traumas” (N. Van Styvendale). The identity quest in Almanac of the Dead unfolds along with reclaiming land in textual space, by rewriting history as (hi)story(-ies).
Keywords: American Indian, trauma, land, healing, story

Alina Anton
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Abstract & Keywords

What does it take to heal the scars of a traumatic experience? And is any kind of restoration even possible when the wound is larger than the single individual, afflicting an entire community? The now well-documented experience of internment that marred the cultural memory of the Japanese Canadian community is one such trauma still bidding for redress. The present paper therefore proposes to revisit this painful wound caused by history at both the personal and the community level, as it is reflected through the fictional lens of award-winning Japanese Canadian author Kerri Sakamoto, in her dark lyrical debut novel The Electrical Field (1998). Following the thread of possible alleviation, we will analyze the effect of war and injustice on the individual mind and heart, and look at how difficult to obtain is love, the only redress available to those betrayed by history.
Keywords: trauma, memory, Japanese Canadian community, internment, intertextuality

Michał Różycki
Institute of English Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland

Abstract & Keywords

By focusing on a passage in Philip Roth’s book, this paper strives to outline how conspiratorial beliefs can have a therapeutic function for the community which has experienced a traumatic event. Fictitious groups depicted in such texts serve as the ultimate causes of humanity’s misgivings: from natural disasters and diseases that plague it to the inherent flaws of political and social systems. Such beliefs, however, are likely to become as dangerous as the cure, a threat Roth hints at in his work. The second part of the paper will look at the viability of conspiracism as a means to address traumatizing issues, in the context of the postmodern condition and the diffusion of motifs until recently present only in the radical texts of popular culture
Keywords: conspiracy theory, trauma, Philip Roth, alternate history

Anca Beatrice Matei
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Abstract & Keywords

The paper explores the meaning of silence in Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings and Zora Neale Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God and Jonah’s Gourd Vine. The short, introductory section entitled The meaning of silence: some theoretical considerations defines the concept of silence from a feminist perspective and tries to determine its causes and consequences. While mainly intended to suggest some forms of silence, it also contrasts the meaning of silence to that of language, emphasizing their power to both relieve pain and cause spiritual and physical death. The silence of the oppressed examines sexism and racism as causes of silence and renders a person’s emergence from silence to speech not only possible, but also enriching. It further points out that although silence may, indeed, create the illusion of self-protection, it does not help establish a network of support, nor does it make psychological scars disappear. Rather, like a boomerang, it turns against the very individual who has chosen its course, deepening his or her crisis and perpetuating precisely that which it is supposed to resist.
Keywords: black women, silence, language, racism, sexism

Nicoleta Petronela Apostol 
Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania

Abstract & Keywords

The paper proposes a discussion upon the manner in which the self of an individual gains shape through the paths chosen by the individual’s memory. The analysis of Anthony Beavis, the main character in Aldous Huxley’s novel, Eyeless in Gaza, makes use of the intersection of the present and the past as it is outlined in the character’s mind. Aldous Huxley invites his audience to take a ‘journey’ through Anthony’s past, present and a sense of his future. The novel’s progression passes from one year to another, apparently without any chronological order or logic. All the unfolding events have a logic in the character’s mind and the readers are invited to enter Anthony’s consciousness and make judgments both as outsiders of Anthony’s experience and as viewers of an inside perspective in order to gain a better picture of Anthony’s personality, but they are also invited to make judgments upon Anthony’s choices in shaping his identity. This vision of Anthony’s self also involves a rhetorical approach to narrative as it is dealt with by James Phelan in Experiencing Fiction. Judgments, Progressions, and the Rhetorical Theory of Narrative (2007) and Living to Tell about It. A Rhetoric and Ethics of Character Narration (2005), approach that highlights the intersection of three main elements: the cognitive, emotive and ethical dimensions of reading. Anthony Beavis’s self gains shape as the narrative unfolds and as the ethical position taken by the readers changes according to their responses to the narrative.
Keywords: self, ethical judgments, memory, past, intersection


Contributors (p. 95)